Understanding Eye Tests: What You Need to Know

Sep 15, 2023 | General Eye Exam

Regular eye tests are essential for individuals of all ages to evaluate and preserve overall eye health and identify potential eye conditions or vision issues. These exams serve as a proactive measure to ensure that your vision remains clear and your eyes stay healthy. It’s recommended that children have their first comprehensive eye examination at around 6 months of age, with subsequent exams at ages 3 and 5 or 6, before starting school.

Adults without known eye problems should schedule comprehensive eye exams at least every two years, and seniors aged 60 and above are advised to have annual eye check-ups. Additionally, those with specific risk factors, such as diabetes or a family history of eye conditions, may require more frequent evaluations.

Regardless of your age or eye health history, regular eye tests play a crucial role in maintaining your overall well-being. The friendly, professional team at Beyond Eyecare go above and beyond to take care of your eye health including eye tests and general examinations.

This Is When You Should Consider Getting Eye Tests

Girl And Optometrist Doing Eye Test


  • Children should have their first comprehensive eye exam at around 6 months of age.
  • Another exam is recommended at age 3, and then before starting school or kindergarten, around age 5 or 6.
  • Afterward, children should have eye exams at least once every two years, or more often if specific issues are suspected.


  • Adults with no known eye issues or risk factors should have a comprehensive eye exam at least every two years, even if they have good vision.
  • People with existing eye conditions, a family history of eye diseases, or specific risk factors (such as diabetes) may need more frequent exams, as recommended by their eye care professional.
  • As people age, the risk of age-related eye conditions like cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration increases. Therefore, regular eye exams become increasingly important for individuals over the age of 40.


  • Seniors aged 60 and older should have annual eye exams to monitor for age-related eye conditions and to ensure they have the appropriate vision correction.

Contact Lens Wearers:

  • If you wear contact lenses, you should have regular check-ups with an eye care professional. The frequency of these check-ups depends on the type of lenses you wear and your eye health.

Individuals with Chronic Health Conditions:

  • People with chronic health conditions like diabetes or hypertension are at a higher risk of eye problems. They should have regular eye exams as recommended by their healthcare provider.

Individuals with Eye Symptoms or Changes:

  • Anyone experiencing sudden changes in vision, eye pain, redness, or other eye-related symptoms should seek an eye exam promptly.

Occupational or Lifestyle Factors:

  • Certain occupations or hobbies may expose individuals to eye strain or hazards. Regular eye exams may be necessary for those in high-risk professions or activities.

What’s Involved In A Normal Eye Test?

woman and ophthalmologist

Getting an eye test, also known as an eye examination or eye check-up, involves several steps and considerations.

Scheduling an Appointment: The first step is to schedule an appointment with an eye care professional. This can be an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. You can usually find these professionals at eye clinics, optometry offices, or some retail optical stores.

Preparation: Before your appointment, make a list of any eye-related symptoms you’ve been experiencing, such as blurred vision, eye pain, or changes in vision. Also, bring your current eyeglasses or contact lenses if you wear them.

Medical History: When you arrive for your appointment, you’ll be asked to fill out a medical history form. This will include questions about your general health, family history of eye conditions, and any medications you’re taking.

Initial Assessment: The eye care professional will begin by asking about your vision and any specific concerns. They may also check your visual acuity by having you read letters or symbols on an eye chart.

External Eye Examination: The professional will inspect the external parts of your eyes, including the eyelids, lashes, and the white part of your eye (sclera). They’ll also examine your eye movements and coordination.

Pupil Reaction: The size and reaction of your pupils to light will be assessed. This can help in diagnosing certain eye conditions.

Refraction Test: If necessary, a refraction test will be conducted to determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses. You’ll look through a device called a phoropter, and the doctor will ask you to compare different lens options to find the one that provides the clearest vision.

Eye Pressure Measurement: Eye pressure may be checked using a tonometer. Elevated eye pressure could be a sign of conditions like glaucoma.

Dilation: In some cases, the doctor may decide to dilate your pupils using special eye drops. This allows them to get a better view of the inside of your eye, including the retina and optic nerve. Dilation can temporarily blur your vision and make your eyes sensitive to light, so you might need someone to drive you home afterward.

Additional Testing: Depending on your specific needs and any issues found during the exam, additional tests like visual field testing, colour vision testing, or imaging of the retina may be performed.

Discussion and Recommendations: After the examination, the eye care professional will discuss their findings with you and provide recommendations for treatment or further tests if necessary. They will also determine if you need new eyeglasses or contact lenses and, if so, provide you with a prescription.

Follow-up Appointments: If you have a pre-existing eye condition or if new issues are discovered, you may need to schedule follow-up appointments for treatment and monitoring.

Remember that the exact process may vary depending on your provider and the purpose of the eye exam. Routine eye exams are typically painless and relatively quick, while more specialised exams may take longer. It’s important to have regular eye exams to maintain good eye health and catch any potential problems early. Get in touch with Beyond Eyecare to book your eye test!

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